Famous authors in Literature
Although there is much speculation about the information on William Shakespeare’s personal life, the best available sources state that he was the eldest son of John Shakespeare, a local businessman and Mary, the daughter of a landowner. William Shakespeare was born in Stratford-upon-Avon on April 23, 1564. It is believed that Shakespeare obtained his primary education from Stratford Grammar School where he might have studied history, Latin literature, acting and theatre. Although there is mention of him working as a school teacher, some historians state, Shakespeare apprenticed with his father after finishing school. It is not known for sure whether he received any higher education or not. At the age of 18, Shakespeare married Ann Hathaway who was 8 years his senior. Their first child, Susannah was born within six month of the marriage followed by twins, Judith and Hamnet. In 1596, Hamnet died at the age of 11. It is supposed that the lines, “Grief fills the room of my absent child”, from King John are a reflection of Shakespeare’s own feelings towards the death of his only son.
The year 1585 marks the beginning of flourishing endeavors for William Shakespeare. He moved to London where he established a successful career as an actor and writer in addition to partly owning a playing company called the Lord Chamberlain’s Men, later known as the King’s Men. Most of Shakespeare’s recognized work was produced between 1589 and 1613. During his early writing career, Shakespeare mostly wrote comic plays. However, as his career progressed, his plays inclined towards tragedy, giving his work a whole new level of sophistication. Up till 1608, Shakespeare concentrated on tragedies producing his most famous and finest works such as Hamlet, King Lear, Othello, and Macbeth. The later stages of his career gave English literature Shakespearian tragicomedies and romances. In 1613, Shakespeare returned to Stratford where he died three years later on April 23, 1616 at the age of 52.